Mon. Sep 26th, 2022

Data Binding support was added to Android last year. In this example lets see how to implement Data Binding in Android application.

In simple terms, the View is tied to a Model. When the data in the Model changes it is automatically reflected in the View or vice versa. In Android the View is XML layout and Model is a POJO class.

Activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layout>

<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
     android:layout_width="match_parent"
     android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:id="@+id/main"

     tools:context="androiindians.raj.MainActivity">


    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginBottom="0dp"
        android:layout_marginEnd="8dp"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"

        android:ems="10"
        android:inputType="textPersonName"
        android:text="Name"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toTopOf="@+id/editText2"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginEnd="8dp"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:ems="10"
        android:inputType="textPassword"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteX="0dp"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteY="70dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/editText" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Button"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        android:layout_marginEnd="8dp"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="32dp"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/editText2" />
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>
</layout>

Build.gradle

apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 25
    buildToolsVersion "25.0.2"
    dataBinding.enabled = true
    defaultConfig {
        applicationId "androiindians.raj"
        minSdkVersion 21
        targetSdkVersion 25
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
        testInstrumentationRunner "android.support.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
        }
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    androidTestCompile('com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:2.2.2', {
        exclude group: 'com.android.support', module: 'support-annotations'
    })
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:25.3.1'
    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
    compile 'com.android.support.constraint:constraint-layout:1.0.0-alpha8'
}

MainActivity.java

package androiindians.raj;

import android.database.DatabaseUtils;
import android.databinding.DataBindingUtil;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;

import androiindians.raj.databinding.ActivityMainBinding;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    ActivityMainBinding binding;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        binding= DataBindingUtil.setContentView(this,R.layout.activity_main);
        binding.button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                binding.editText.setText("fgdfgd");
            }
        });
        binding.editText2.setText("hkjhkjgfj");
    }
}

By Rajashekar

I’m (Rajashekar) a core Android developer with complimenting skills as a web developer from India. I cherish taking up complex problems and turning them into beautiful interfaces. My love for decrypting the logic and structure of coding keeps me pushing towards writing elegant and proficient code, whether it is Android, PHP, Flutter or any other platforms. You would find me involved in cuisines, reading, travelling during my leisure hours.

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