Mon. Sep 26th, 2022

Overview

The Android system uses broadcasts messages (often are called Intents or Events) to transfer information to applications. The Broadcasts can be sent either by Android apps or, most commonly, by the system itself. There are many system generated events that Intent class defines for receiving broadcasts, which some of them you can find in the Standard Broadcast Actions of Android Content. In this tutorial we are going to show you step by step how to create a BroadcastReceiver that receives a custom Intent, which contains data that the user gave from the screen.

Example Program for BroadCastReceiver

Activity_main.xml

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"    
    tools:context=".MainActivity" >
    <EditText android:id="@+id/extraIntent"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:hint="@string/sendMessage" />
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btnStartBroadcast"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
        android:layout_below="@+id/extraIntent"
        android:onClick="broadcastCustomIntent"
        android:text="@string/myBroadcastIntent" />
</RelativeLayout>

MainActivity.Java

package androiindians.broadcastreciver;

import android.content.Intent;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.EditText;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    }
    public void broadcastCustomIntent(View view)
    {
        Intent intent = new Intent("MyCustomIntent");
        EditText et = (EditText)findViewById(R.id.extraIntent);
        // add data to the Intent
        intent.putExtra("message", (CharSequence)et.getText().toString());
        intent.setAction("androiindians.broadcastreciver.A_CUSTOM_INTENT");
        sendBroadcast(intent);
    }
}

MyBroadcastReceiver.java

package androiindians.broadcastreciver;

import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MyBroadcastReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        // Extract data included in the Intent
        CharSequence intentData = intent.getCharSequenceExtra("message");
        Toast.makeText(context, "Raj received the Intent's message: "+intentData, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
    }
}

Manifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="androiindians.broadcastreciver">
    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
        <receiver android:name="MyBroadcastReceiver">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="androiindians.broadcastreciver.A_CUSTOM_INTENT">
                </action>
            </intent-filter>
        </receiver>
    </application>
</manifest>

Strings.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <string name="app_name">BroadcastReceiversTest</string>
    <string name="action_settings">Settings</string>
    <string name="sendMessage">Write a message to broadcast!</string>
    <string name="myBroadcastIntent">Broadcast an Intent now...</string>
</resources>

By Rajashekar

I’m (Rajashekar) a core Android developer with complimenting skills as a web developer from India. I cherish taking up complex problems and turning them into beautiful interfaces. My love for decrypting the logic and structure of coding keeps me pushing towards writing elegant and proficient code, whether it is Android, PHP, Flutter or any other platforms. You would find me involved in cuisines, reading, travelling during my leisure hours.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.